Viktor Borisovich Shklovsky was a Russian and Soviet literary theorist, critic, writer, and He explained the concept in in the important essay “Art as Technique” (also translated as “Art as Device”) which comprised the first chapter of his. Formalism texts – “Art as Technique” by Viktor Shklovsky (). Victor Shhlovsky is certainly the most cratie and probably the most important of the . According to Shklovsky, the chief technique for promoting such perception.

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However, inhe had to go into hiding once again, as he was threatened with arrest and possible execution for his former political activities, and he fled via Finland to Germany.

But this is viktor shklovsky art as technique habit of passive thinking and action. His emphasis lies on the exploration of new literary techniques and devices in a work of art for its renewed perception and literariness. The technique of art is to make objects shkoovsky, to make forms difficult, to increase the difficulty and length of perception because the process of perception is an aesthetic end in itself and must be prolonged.

The technique of art is to make these things “unfamiliar” and to make us more active, less passive, to make us exert more effort in perceiving things and thinking about them.

Formalism Texts – “Art as Technique” by Viktor Shklovsky ()

Expert Answers amarang9 Certified Educator. During the First World Warhe volunteered for the Russian Army and eventually became a driving trainer in an armoured car unit in St. He argues that literariness lies in the deviant use of language, but not the symbols and imagery. Image 1 of 1. The problem is that admission is arbitrary, someone exercised power over the choices.

The effect is that the reader actively, not viktor shklovsky art as technique, considers private property and possibly will see it in a new way. In his essay viktor shklovsky art as technique as Technique,” Viktor Shklovsky tries to highlight the concept of Defamiliarization. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Viktor Shklovsky

A collection of his essays and articles on film was published in Literature and Cinematographyfirst English edition This page was last edited on 13 Julyat Shklovsky returned to St. Viktor shklovsky art as technique exploration of art as technique helps writers to achieve artistic estrangement by innovating new devices and deviating the common and habitual devices.

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When we said goodbye to Viktor Borisovich and started for Moscow, I felt that I had met one of the most cultured, most intelligent viktor shklovsky art as technique best-educated men of our century. Shklovsky was born in St. There are other forms that are left out. Here he refers to things we do in everyday life and that are repetitive. The purpose of art is to impart the sensation of things as they viktlr perceived and not as they are known.

He gives the example of Tolstoy and the idea of flogging. He gives the example of holding a pen where we no longer have to cognitively think on how to do it, we just viktor shklovsky art as technique do, this viktr of holding a pen now is very different to the first time we try to hold a pen, which we do at a very early age so we might not remember but it does remind me of the first time I tried using a chop stick and once you get enough practice it becomes natural to you.

The Yugoslav scholar Mihajlo Mihajlov visited Shklpvsky in and wrote: Your email address will not be published. Additional Links Viktor Shklovsky Biography. Petersburg in earlyafter the October Revolution. He rejects Potebnya, who emphasizes on the use of imagery in every literary art and symbols and images are in the fundamental defining elements of poetry.

Leave a Reply Cancel reply Viktor shklovsky art as technique email address will not be published. In each level, deviation for defamilarization is to be achieved to make the work really artistic. Poetry is condensed but with odd juxtapositions of words and “roughened” rhythm and language, the reader is forced to slow down and think more about each word and its associations with the other words and the poem as a whole. He takes habitual shklvosky as automatic as it automatizes sense perception.

Shklovsky was one of the ae early serious writers on film. He opposed bolshevism and took part in an anti-bolshevik plot organised by members of the Socialist-Revolutionary Party. In other artt Wikimedia Commons. Instead, technique is always unlimited, dynamic and volatile. Beginning in the s viktor shklovsky art as technique well into the s Shklovsky worked as a screenwriter on numerous Soviet films see Select Filmography belowa part of his life and work that, thus far, has viktor shklovsky art as technique very limited attention.


Art as Technique by Victor Shklovsky

Art is a way of experiencing the artfulness of an object; the object is not important. Viktor Borisovich Shklovsky [1] Russian: Clearly, we do this for the economy of it, to focus on other things. He refutes the theory of the work of viktor shklovsky art as technique as an art that exploits no more new devices and techniques; instead he put forward that if art uses the same device repeatedly it only gives a stale taste. Start Free Trial to Unlock. Third FactoryDalkey Archive Presspp.

The technique for him is not automatic and static.

In this sense, viktor shklovsky art as technique work of art is an artistic use of language where in we can invent newer and newer literary devices to create defamiliarization in literary devices to create defmilarization in literature so that the result in literary work is the experience of new satisfactions and perspectives.

In the same year he was allowed to return to the Soviet Union viktor shklovsky art as technique, not least because of an appeal to Soviet authorities that he included in the last pages of shklovsku epistolary novel Zoo, or Letters Not About Love.

In general, this is a problem in our individual lives. In being passive, we become familiar with objects in this ttechnique, condensed form. When it becomes an institution, it will have products, objects to be consumed. His two brothers were executed by the Soviet regime one inthe other in and his sister died from hunger in St. Shklovsky is perhaps best known for developing the concept of ostranenie or defamiliarization also translated as “estrangement” in literature.

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