Torsion and detorsion in gastropoda is described with examples. Torsion is the rotation of the visceral mass and foot degrees with respect to the head and foot, and is a unique synapomorphy of modern gastropods. Torsion . And to understand what that means we need to know what “torsion” is. In simple terms, the primitive gastropod snail has twisted its body so that the posterior end .

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The muscle cells are absent on the left side.

Torsion (gastropod)

The evolution of an asymmetrical conispiral shell allowed gastropods to grow larger, but resulted in an unbalanced shell.

Torsion is not the coiling anv the shell and all the evidences indicate that the shell evolved before torsion.

Torsion can provide other advantages. Torsion results in a streptoneural nervous system, where the visceral nerves cross yorsion in a figure of gastropoda fashion.

Nevertheless, the diversity and success of the gastropods suggests torsion is advantageous, or at least has no strong disadvantages. Privacy policy About WikiEducator Disclaimers. Other hypotheses suggest that the longitudinal head-foot alignment of gastropods allows greater elongation without toppling sideways. In majority of the gastropods torsion, as already stated, is resulted in two stages, viz. Torsion results in torsion and detorsion in gastropods streptoneural nervous system, where the visceral nerves cross over in a figure of eight fashion.

Torsion & Detorsion In Gastropoda | Zoology and Entomology articles. IAS Zoology.

After torsion the anus and ctenidia come forward and the auricles come to lie in front of ventricle. Most good invertebrate text books have a deyorsion account of the process. BiologyArticles on AnimalsPhylum Mollusca.

With this spiral coiling one may confuse another process called torsion of the visceral mass, gadtropods this coiling evolved before torsion. This reversion is known as Detorsion and it is very characteristic of the whole group of the Euthyneura. Detorsion gastropids brought about by reversal of the torsion and detorsion in gastropods phases. Unfortunately it is a bit expensive but all good libraries should be urged to get a copy.

Retrieved from ” http: This rotation is known as torsion which is distinct from coiling and is a much more drastic change, it occurs after coiling of the visceral hump. Give a few examples. The first phase dstorsion at a faster rate, while the next phase tkrsion slower.

Views Read Edit View history. The respiratory surface in the mantle cavity which in some cases develops pallial gills, e. Torsion and Detorsion in Gastropoda.

November Learn how and when to remove this template message. Torsion must be disadvantageous to adult snails, as many of them have undergone detorsion processes.

Visceral loop and intestine become straightened. It torsion and detorsion in gastropods further complicated by the fact that torsion brought with it a number of problems. The cephalaspid Bubble Shells show many examples of how the shell was gradually lost and the animal became larger, more elaborate and brightly coloured.

The anterior situation of the mantle cavity in the in the Gastropods is due to Torsion or Twisting of the visceral mass during development. The story of opisthobranch evolution is essentially the torsion and detorsion in gastropods of detorsion and the loss of the shell. The agstropods means the reversion to the changes that have occurred during torsion.

There are many pelagic larvae of lamellidens which are not twisted gasttropods still torsion and detorsion in gastropods in pelagic larval life. In Pterotrachea coronata floating sea detorzion the shell, mantle and visceral sac are lost and hence the animal becomes symmetrical, worm-like with a long proboscis for feeding.

This page was last modified on 8 Juneat The head-foot complex retains its bilateral symmetry. Posterior mantle cavity is brought to the front position. If you are interested there is a description of gastrropods book torsion and detorsion in gastropods Dave Behrens, Sea Challengers online bookshop at http: As a solution to the possible fouling effect of torsion where mouth and anus are in the same anterior positionscientists suggest that in the earlier stages of torsion, holes and slits are formed in the shell.

Both mouth and anus must open on the anterior side.

Torsion and Detorsion in Gastropoda (With Diagram)

Alimentary canal twists in the visceral mass and opens by anus on the side of the head on the anterior side. Their prey upon alarm collapsed, but promptly turned about, With the tender morsel safe within and the horny foot without! In this way they avoid the predators. Some examples of torsion and detorsion in gastropods are: In evolutionary terms, the appearance of an operculum occurred shortly after that of torsion, which suggests a possible link with the role of torsion, though there is not sufficient evidence for or against this hypothesis.

Detorsion takes place in Pulmonata, such as Acteon and Bulla in which torsion and detorsion in gastropods and ctenidium are directed laterally. Before torsion the mantle cavity opens posteriorly, ctenidia point backwards, the auricles are behind the ventricle, the nervous system is bilaterally symmetrical, and the mouth and the anus are at opposite ends.

Because the anus is now in the anterior position, the gastropods are not able to grow in length. Authorship details Rudman, W.

This is due to the back and forth motion of the shell during movement which would tend to block the mantle opening against the foot if it was in a posterior position.